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India’s Black Economy: Causes, Implications and Remedies

27 Oct 2014 12:43

Arun Kumar

CESP, SSS, JNU, N Delhi 110067.


For the Volume Ed. by Prof Vivekanandan: INDIA TODAY: ISSUES BEFORE THE NATION.

I. Introduction

            India’s black economy is roughly estimated to be 50% of GDP - generating at current prices in 2012-13, about Rs.50 lakh crore or $1 trillion. It is so extensive because it is generated in every sector and economic activity and all the elite sections of society are involved in it. It is in both the public and the private sectors and involves everyone down the line from the Prime Ministers, Chief Ministers, top industrialists, army men, judges, bureaucrats, lawyers, teachers and so on. Taxes not collected at current rates of taxes amount to about Rs.20 lakh crore in 2012-13. Thus, the Union budget instead of showing a Fiscal Deficit could have shown a surplus of Rs.14.5 lakh crore. If this amount could be collected, there would be enough money for employment generation, education, health and infrastructure, like, roads and power.

            An indication of the growing black economy is the rapid unearthing of more and more and bigger scams. The speed with which scams are being revealed makes the public forget the scams they were exercised about just a few months back. Today, with IPL in the news and the imbroglio around the JPC on 2G and the expose of the attempt of the Law Minister to influence the CBI, the Westland Helicopter deal has receded to the background. The wrong doing in the Tatra truck deal and the Army Chief’s complaint that he was sought to be bribed are forgotten. Similarly, the Adarsh Society scam, ISRO-Dewas deal, Commonwealth Games scam, and the Hasan Ali case are hardly talked of. Bigger scams have taken hold.

            While the biggest scam prior to 1990 was the Bofors scam at Rs.64 crore, in the 1990s there were many scams that were above Rs.1,000 crore (Kumar, 1999). The largest was the Harshad Mehta led Stock Market Scam of 1991-92, estimated by the Janakiraman Committee Report at Rs.3,128 crore (RBI, 1993). The Telgi scam regarding forged stamp papers was also initially estimated to be in thousands of crore but no firm figure emerged. In the first decade of this century, there has been a flood of revelations of major scams – almost one a week - not counting the smaller cases of corruption involving a few crore or less (Kumar, 2013). Now the scams run into tens of thousands of crores and at times in lakhs of crores. In the allotment of natural resources, like, mines and spectrum, huge scams have been unearthed.

            If we cut back to end 2006 what was the situation? MPs had been caught accepting money for asking questions in Parliament. This is nothing new. During the debate on the nuclear issue, MPs produced wads of notes in Parliament which they said were for buying their vote in favour of the government. The government cleverly deflected the issue but this is also nothing new. In the 1990s the JMM MPs were caught with cash in their bank accounts which had been given to them for helping the government survive.

Around that time, Mayawati, Badal and Jogi were in the news on the same day for violating some law or the other. They are in the distinguished company of Laloo Yadav and Jayalalita who already had cases against them. Daler Mehndi, Bharat Shah, 4 members of the elite Presidents guards, doctors in private clinics, manufacturers of spurious drugs, judges of high courts, VCs of Universities, bureaucrats and police officers, journalists, film producers, etc., all hit headlines for having committed some illegality or the other in the mid-2000s. These are the elite sections of our society so that the implication of such widespread illegality are serious. It is gnawing at the innards of our society with influential sections of society increasingly in the grip of illegality to generate extra incomes; above what they make legally.

The list is unending, in the 1990s and 2000s, illegality in petrol pump allotments, admissions to professional courses, procurement of defense materials, allotment of licenses, disinvestment of shares of public sector, etc., have come to light. Yet, there have been few prosecutions in cases of graft and the public impression is that the system is very corrupt. The quick action against the MPs caught asking for money for questions is an exception and not the rule. People in their day to day dealings (police, telephone, electricity, petrol pumps, medical clinics, etc.) face constant harassment, whether in the public or the private sector.

For the public, illegality and corruption are a constant and they feel helpless to do anything about it. They are exercised at the time a scam is revealed and then they go back to their routine. They re-elect the corrupt time and again thus signaling to the political class that they can ride out the storm and return later without reforming themselves.

The public has little choice since almost all the political parities have been caught indulging in corruption. Thus, a change in the ruling party means that another corrupt set up comes to power. The net result is that the people vote for their own corrupt who would help them. Hence the dalits would vote for their own and the backward castes would vote for their brethren and the muslims vote for their community and so do the upper castes. That is why today it is said that corruption is no more an issue. The politicians have decided that they only need to wait patiently in the wings for their turn. The clever thing to do is to collect enough while in power and when out of it not unduly ruffle the feathers of the ruling group - behave like a `responsible’ opposition. This is the weakness of our democracy that people have little choice – that between Tweedledee and Tweedldum (Kumar, 1999). Be that as it may, what are the implications of a large and growing black economy in India?


II. Implications of the Black Economy for the Nation

II.1      Spread of illegality and weakening of democracy

Illegal activities at the top echelons (political, bureaucratic and business) in the country have serious implications. National Security is being seriously compromised. Even cabinet decisions are often not a secret as Wikileaks revelations suggest. Foreign agencies and business interests may get the most sensitive information for a price (or via blackmail because they may have information on the illegality of the top people in administration). The recent attack on the top leadership of the Congress (I) in Chattisgarh or the earlier attack on Mr. Naidu’s motorcade are indications of serious security lapses. There is not only leakage of information on movements of leaders but also laxity in policing since there is huge corruption in the police set up everywhere. Police is busy collecting hafta from illegal activities rather than in controlling illegality in its jurisdiction (Kumar, 1999). Contraband (arms, drugs and so on) and suspects slip in and out of airports and ports and across borders.

 There is growing criminalization in society since almost the entire official machinery is involved in committing illegality – there are always the exceptions that prove the rule. The businessmen and politicians use the police and the bureaucracy to commit illegality. When the latter gets the license to commit illegality, they also do it for their own ends for making money from those committing illegality. The result is that the force for maintaining law and order – the police – is often a party to the illegality.

Posts of lucrative thanas are apparently auctioned for a price. The price paid (and above that for ones own use) has to be recovered by collecting hafta from the jurisdiction of the thana. Illegal activities like, theft, pick pocketing and encroachment are encouraged to enable hafta to be collected. Traffic police turns a blind eye to violation of traffic rules or over charging by transporters since it collects a monthly payment from commercial operations. If a theft occurs in an influential person’s house, the stolen items are recovered since the police knows who the thieves are in that area. If the police is in league with criminal elements in society is it any surprise that criminalization is increasing by leaps and bounds.

Illegality is committed in the thanas themselves with the police violating the rules. This is justified on grounds of extracting information from the criminals. However, it is mostly the honest who are harassed to extract money whereas the criminals with their nexus escape to continue their activities in collusion with the police. No wonder, an alternate system of justice has emerged where the public takes the law in its own hand or goes to the corrupt and the powerful to get justice. It has affected our politics which is now increasingly criminalized with those having a criminal background entering the legislatures in increasing numbers. What can be expected when in the biggest state of the country, a minister with a criminal record was recently appointed as the jail minister? There is a vicious cycle in which respect for justice is eroded, social functioning is impeded and democracy weakened.


II.2      Economic aspects

All the key economic problems can be linked to the impact of the growing black economy. In an economy where billions of dollars are spirited out of the economy, where black transactions abound in the stock markets and the real estate markets, where getting admission for children requires bribes, is it surprising that the impact of the black economy is all pervasive? What is being revealed by official agencies or in the media with relentless regularity is only the tip of the iceberg.

Due to the black economy, policy fails and society is unable to achieve its goals, like, literacy and health and a vast majority live in rather uncivilized conditions which are prevalent in very few countries of the world. As the Finance Minister in his budget speech said in 2007, `expenditures do not mean outcomes’. Rajiv Gandhi said in 1987, out of every rupee sent to the field, only 15 paise reaches the ground. He did not mean that all of it was lost due to corruption but also due to the bureaucratic costs. Now the courts feel only 5 paise reaches the ground.

The black economy has destroyed the work ethic of a vast section of society so that we do not achieve (with few exceptions) world standards whether in sports or in technology. There is waste of resources and alienation of the citizen from society making collective effort almost impossible. An economy that has the potential of growing at 10% per annum is growing at an average of 5.4 % per annum since the 1980s (Kumar, 2005). In brief, the black economy has affected the social, political, economic and cultural life. It is in our own enlightened self interest to curb it.


II.2.1   Increasing inefficiency

Many aspects of the black economy are like `digging holes and filling them’ (Kumar, 1999). If during the day a person is set to work digging a hole and at night another person is asked to fill it up, next morning there is zero output but two people have earned incomes for the work they have done. Thus, there is activity without productivity. Assets are not created commensurate with the expenditures. So, for instance, in road construction, sub-standard material is used so that it gets potholed when the rains come and has to be repaired. Thus the road budget is spent on repairs rather than building new roads for say, rural connectivity.

In schools, the teachers teach poorly so that the students do not learn or enjoy classes. They get put off from learning and divert their attention to other things. When they go home they are forced to take tuition so as to do well. Teachers have a vested interest in not teaching well so that they can get tuitions to make extra money. The implication for learning is that the children find it difficult and mug up the material rather than understanding it. They stop questioning and lose curiosity about various things in life. Their time is wasted first in the class and then in tuition. The time that could have been used for other activities and for learning is lost. Further, the tuition syndrome leads to leakage of question papers and other malpractices so that the tutees can do well in the exams and justify the tuition.

Because of poor teaching and learning, students attend coaching classes to pass competitive exams. Their intermediate training is not good enough to help them do well in the competitive exams. This results in massive waste of resources for the nation since the outcome with regard to learning is poor. Further, most of the students in higher education are of indifferent quality. So, in spite of the large numbers of students in higher education, we produce very few who are internationally competitive.

Such examples of waste are all around us. In the bureaucracy where work is not done and people run around in circles or in the judiciary where cases go on for years even though they are supposed to be solved in months. There are crowds milling around the offices and courts but little gets accomplished. The police do not register cases and harass the public. Cases are poorly investigated and in the end they are thrown out by the courts so that justice is not done in spite of the efforts of many people.

Another aspect of the black economy is that it makes the `usual the unusual and the unusual the usual’ (Kumar, 1999). That which should happen does not and that which should not happen does. So the citizen should get 220 volts electricity but often they get 170 or 270 volts and expensive equipment burns out. One needs additional circuits and voltage stabilizer for equipment and capital costs rise. Cost of servicing equipment rises as the breakdown rate increases. The fluctuating voltage and variable cycles of supply of electricity also leads to poor quality production since machines can malfunction. In continuous flow production like in case of chemicals, such malfunction can lead to clogged lines and so on.

One should get clean drinking water in the taps but often it is polluted. This is because the pipelines may not be properly laid and sewage seeps in. Thus, one has to incur additional expenditure in boiling water or using purifiers of various description. Further, one buys bottled water at thousand times the cost, etc. Even then, a little carelessness leads to water borne diseases and additional health costs which are unnecessary. Parents remain tense about what the children will drink in school and so on.

One does not get the service one should get from the bureaucracy so one has to approach touts and pay them extra. This is true for tax assessment, getting passport or driving license made, admission to schools, admission to professional courses, getting railway reservations and so on. Either one fights everywhere or gives in and pays the extra cost (bribe included) and in turn generates extra income where ever one gets a chance. How many places can an individual fight?

The result is that people have got alienated from the system. They have lost faith that things can work and they automatically assume that they need to pay extra. Even in a medical emergency it is often the case that one first calls up some friend/relation for advice as to where to go rather than going straight to the nearest hospital emergency room. It is often a miracle that one survives a medical emergency since so many things can go wrong. In a road accident few stop to help take the victim to hospital. In the hospital the doctors may wait for the legal formalities. They may do a slip shod job of treatment and the drip or the medicines may be spurious or sub standard and may not have the desired effect and so on. Since all this is so much a part of life, people stop resisting corruption and extortion and that helps it grow further. People lose faith in the collective and try for individual solutions. This weakens democracy.

These various aspects of the functioning of the black economy result in growing inefficiencies of the system and wasteful use of capital and resources. It has been estimated that due to such inefficiencies, India has been losing 5% rate of growth for the last three decades (Kumar, 2005). Thus, its rate of growth could have been 8.5% in the seventies and 12% now, if the black economy had not existed. The per capita income could have been about $10,000 and it would have been the second largest economy in the world. Thus, though the black economy generates output and employment far more is lost than gained. In other words, development is set back


II.2.2   Impact on Inequality

            The black economy is concentrated in the hands of at most 3% of the population (Kumar, 1999). Yes, there is petty corruption but this is insignificant compared to the huge earnings of the few. According to a calculation, in 1995, the ratio of incomes between the top 3% and the bottom 40% was 12:1 in the white economy but it became 57:1 including the black economy. By now, the disparities have become much worse. Thus, in a vast and poor population of 1.25 billion, there are 35 million well off, the size of a European nation, that can afford all the luxuries. This explains the existence of vast poverty in the midst of glitzy markets and ostentatious consumerism of the well off.

The result of this skewedness of income is that the savings propensity of the economy is higher than recorded in the white economy (Kumar, 2005). This is simply the result of the rich saving more than the poor. Due to wastage of capital and unproductive investments, the investment rate in the economy is lower than it could have been. The result of both these trends is that the level of output is lower than it can potentially be - missed development.


II.2.3   Black Economy and Illicit Financial Flows

            A recent report estimates that since independence, more than $460 billion has been lost to the nation due to flight of capital (GFI, 2010). This is much larger than India’s foreign debt or the Aid it received. A capital short country has been exporting capital on a large scale. In a sense, the drain of wealth during the colonial rule has continued in a different form after independence. Those resorting to flight of capital include the businessmen, corrupt politicians, bureaucrats, professionals and so on. These are the people whose interest in the country has weakened as their wealth abroad has increased and they often push the interest of foreign powers. They are also open to black mail by the foreign agencies who track the flow of illicit funds from and back into India.

This figure of illicit financial flows (flight of capital is part of this) does not take into account loss of capital due to illegal activities like havala, narcotics drugs trafficking, smuggling and so on (Kumar, 2012). If all this could be taken into account, the opportunity cost should run into a few trillions of dollars. If this amount had been invested in the country, say, in rural areas that are woefully short of basic infrastructure, like, water, sanitation or electricity, conditions of life could have been far better. Alternatively, if this capital had been invested in industry, industrialization, technology and productivity could have been far greater/higher than at present. Thus, flight of capital associated with the black economy results in slower development than India can achieve.

            Of late, there is a return flow of capital called `round tripping’. From the late 1990s the software industry became the conduit for bringing back capital without paying taxes. Later the Mauritius route was also added to facilitate this `round tripping’.

The flight of capital associated with the black economy is the main cause of the BOP problems that have plagued the Indian economy for much of the time since independence. It takes place through under and over invoicing of foreign trade, transfer pricing and havala (parallel banking). Much of this is managed through shell companies set up in tax havens (over 70 at current count) to launder the money siphoned out of the country.


II.2.4   Black economy and policy failure

            Black economy leads to policy failure. Policies on paper and as they are implemented are vastly different. Whether it is environmental regulation or industrial location or urban zoning or traffic lights, all laws are routinely violated. No wonder at a low level of per capita income, India has some of the worst air and water pollution in the world. Due to insanitary conditions and water pollution, most people suffer from poor health resulting in low labour productivity. Literacy is low because money sent for constructing schools is often siphoned off and teachers are not appointed. Children even in the fifth grade are found to have acquired few skills (ASER reports) so for the rest of their life they are condemned to work at low levels of productivity and remain poor.

            The black economy results in loss of revenue of about 20% of GDP, at current rates of taxes. In comparison, the fiscal deficit is currently around 6% of GDP for the Centre. If the black economy had instead been white, there would have been a surplus in the budget and there would have been much greater investments in infrastructure and poverty removal. Also with less corruption, expenditures would have been more effective. The revenue deficit which underlies the fiscal deficit and rising debt in the budget would have been wiped out so that the fiscal health of the government would have been better.


II.3      Growing Size of the Black Economy since 1991

The size of the black economy is given relative to that of the white economy - as a per cent of the declared GDP.  The size of the black economy was estimated to be 4% of GDP in 1955 (GOI, 1956), 7% in 1970 (GOI, 1971), 18% in 1980-81 (NIPFP, 1985) and 40% in 1995-96 (Kumar, 1999). The last estimate includes 8% contributed by illegal activities like, drugs, mafia and smuggling. 32% comes from the legal activities like, manufacturing, finance, trade and construction. It is growing in spite of the reduction in tax rates and whittling down of the degree of controls and regulation in the economy over the last two decades. This is not surprising since these are not the causes of generation of the black incomes.

Since generation of black incomes involves illegality, the above figures suggest that illegality in the country has been growing. More and more scams are surfacing and the sums that are involved in them are increasing exponentially. If currently illegality is associated with 50% of the economic activity, it has to be `systematic and systemic’. Systems are set up to bribe politicians and bureaucrats, for adulteration of food, for producing spurious medicines, for not declaring the full output produced so that profits are generated off the balance sheet and so on. It is not that one day one generates black income and not the next day; it is a 24x7 activity.

Some with faith in the market mechanism believed that the black economy would shrink with the implementation of the New Economic Policies (NEP) in 1991. The package consisted of the lowering of taxes and reduction of controls like, MRTP, FERA, reservations, licensing and so on. However, the black economy grew even faster as the restraint on businesses declined (Kumar, 1999). For instance, they could take their money out more easily as exchange controls were relaxed. So, they started taking out more of their capital. They could play around more easily in the financial markets and so could generate more of black incomes. The increase in the collection of direct taxes as a per cent of the GDP since 1999 is not due to a reduction of the black economy but due to the dramatic rise in the income of the corporate sector (Kumar, 2007) and the black economy has continued to grow.

Gold inflow is an example of the above argument. When its import was banned till 1992, the smuggling of gold into the country was to the extent of 160 tons (Sarma, 1992). After 1992, when gold was allowed to be imported, the amount of gold inflow increased to 900 tons by 1999 and half of it was smuggled. Thus, the legal part of imports of course increased but the illegal inflow also increased. The loss of savings to the country increased by a factor of 5.5 times. For a poor country this is criminal since it aggravates poverty. Of late, this has become an important reason for the high current account deficit and the BOP crisis.


III.       The Underlying Cause: The Growing Triad

            To effectively tackle the black economy there is a need to identify the causes underlying its existence and growth. For illegality to be involved in 50% of the economic activity, it is only possible if those in-charge of implementation of rules are a party to black income generation. They connive in the persistence of illegality and share the extra profits generated. A Triad exists between the corrupt businessmen, corrupt politicians and the corrupt executive (Kumar, 1999). The last consists of the police, the bureaucracy and the judiciary. Since the 1980s the criminal has entered the Triad. So, either the businessman or the politician has a criminal record and this has led to growing criminalization in society as discussed earlier. This nexus is so powerful that a financially honest PM voluntarily tolerates the corruption all around to survive and he also provides credibility for a corrupt system – a mascot.

            The Triad is mutually convenient to all. The businessmen are able to influence policy and protect their ill gotten profits. The other two in the Triad need the businessman to invest their funds and launder them. Most politicians have at least one businessman close to them who provides such services. The media is increasingly a party to some of these illegalities.

            The reduction in tax rates and removal of controls like MRTP, FERA, licensing and easing of reservations for small scale after 1991 has not led to a reduction of the size of the black economy. It is because the Triad has grown stronger and forms of making black incomes have changed.


IV.       Remedies

The cause of the black economy is not just technical (high tax rates or controls) and that is why it continues to grow in spite of the hundreds of steps taken to tackle it in the last 50 years. There have been more than 40 committees that have gone into the different aspects of the black economy and they have suggested thousands of measures. So we are not short of suggestions or of measures to tackle it, like, demonetization, voluntary disclosure, payment by cheque, anti-defection law and citizens’ charter. Some of these steps have not only not helped curb the menace but have often fuelled it because they have added to the complexity of the laws or turned people into habitual law breakers (Kumar, 1999). The cause of the growing illegality lies in the political economy of conflict in our society with the elite forming the Triad and making incomes over and above what they can make legally.

To tackle the black economy, the Triad has to be dismantled. It functions in secrecy. Hence the most important step is the `Right to Information’. This would make the politician and the executive accountable and their functioning transparent so that unlike at present, they cannot subvert the law deliberately. The present dispensation on Right to Information is entirely inadequate since it is far too complex for the common man to use. The mind set of the politicians and the bureaucracy needs to change. Unfortunately, those heading the Right to Information bureaucracy have mostly been bureaucrats.

Howsoever good bureaucrats may be, their training has been to not give information and to not push the system to reveal it. Someone from outside the system was required to head it – who would be willing to put the politicians and the bureaucrats in the dock. It is argued that a Sheshan or a Kiran Bedi have done much good to the system even though they are from the executive. However, in any absolute sense, they have done little and even that stands out compared to others. They have played the system and done well because they have made compromises with it rather than challenging it. They are used by the system to legitimze its choices so that it can continue to more or less function as it is. We need people who would challenge the system every step of the way otherwise the Right to Information will also get discredited over time.

            A major reform required is that political parties function democratically. Many of today’s leaders come up without serving the people and take over parties. Parties and constituencies are often passed on to relatives like property from one to the other. Such leaders are often contemptuous of people and represent the interest of society’s upper crust.

            Electoral reform is required so that genuine representatives of the people enter the legislature (not purchasable by vested interests). State funding of elections will not help since it only gives additionality of funds to the corrupt. Election expenses are 10 times the allowed limit and a bulk of the expenditures are on illegal activities and raised from illegal sources (Kumar, 1999). For these purposes, state funding will not help/cannot be used. Citizens’ groups which can present an independent record of the performance of the candidates before elections will help make the voters better informed (For a more detailed discussion on this, see Kumar, 1999).

            Audit of accounts of parties, Lok Pal, etc., will hardly help. Accounts are easily manipulated. Who will prevent the Lok Pal from getting corrupted? Philippines has functioned with an Ombudsman who is unable to check corruption in high places. If Justice Ramaswamy could be in the dock and the Chief Justice of the Punjab High court had to take steps against other judges, what is the chance that the highest will not be corrupted/silenced? After initial euphoria, what have the CVC and Chief Election Commissioners achieved? Mere formalism will not work. Vote should not merely mean the duty to go to the polling booth on election day. A politically alert public which votes consciously in national self interest and not on sectarian lines - caste and communal - is needed.

            Reform of Judiciary is required. Cases have to be speeded up and procedures simplified. With 30 million cases pending in courts the powerful manipulate it for their own ends and faith in justice is eroded which undermines any notion of a civilized society. Ther is neither a shortage of judges nor of courts. The problem is that the judiciary does not act and is unaccountable to the public. Cases that should be wound up in 6 months take more than 6 years thus clogging courts and wasting everyone’s time. The age of retirement of the executive should be raised to 70 years and after that they should not be allowed to serve in the private sector. Those taking early retirement should be disqualified from work for others for 10 years – not even consultancies for the private sector.

Businesses have to be made accountable and transparent. Independent directors on the Board of the Companies are needed as public watchdogs. Such directors should be chosen from outside the Triad (who are easily corruptible in different ways). The members of the Triad belong to the same class and have sympathy with the manipulations indulged in by businesses since they are also somewhere associated with such actions (What happened in the case of Satyam). Directors should be made to pay for the wrong actions of the companies they are supposed to be associated with. Chartered Accountants have to be made accountable through fines on them if accounts are found to have been falsified.

Direct taxes need to be simplified by elimination of concessions and deductions. Taxation of business income should be based on gross profit and not net profit. Internal indirect taxes should be levied only on final luxury products. Estate duty, Gift Tax, property and wealth taxes should be revived to unearth black incomes (Kumar, 1994).

The common man is hit more by the indirect taxes (which are still 60% of all taxes collected) than the direct taxes. Even though some direct tax is paid by the workers in the organized sector, most of it is paid by businessmen and managers. Low direct taxes help these rich people. High indirect taxes hurt the common man since they through their consumption are forced to pay a substantial part of their incomes as taxes. Raising direct taxes on wealth and profit would enable the state to lower the indirect taxes and this will help check the growth of the black economy (Kumar, 1999).


V.        Conclusion

            In brief, the black economy underlies the major macroeconomic problems faced by India - fiscal crisis, inflation and BOP problems. The micro and the sectoral problems of the economy, like, education, health and infrastructure also relate to the black economy. It weakens democracy. If not checked, India’s growth story can become a thing of the past. It is argued above that NEP have not been able to check the growing black economy as the pro market thinkers hoped for. Instead, as restraint on businesses has decreased, the black economy has grown further since 1991.

No law is worth the paper it is written on if it not implemented. Political will is required to take the tough steps and that means strengthening democracy. The politicians know/have the intelligence about the corruption of those in the Triad but who will bell the cat since when out of power they can also be caught as has happened to Badal and Amrinder Singh or to Jaylalitha and Karunanidhi. Thus, mostly there is a conspiracy of silence amongst the members of the elite.

If matters are to be resolved, the public has to act against the entire political class via alternative movements on a host of issues which will throw up an alternative leadership. In recent times, new political parties and social organizations have come up to take up the issues of the common people of India. However, the task is not easy but has the task of nation building ever been easy?


VI.       References:

  1. GFI. 2010. The Drivers and Dynamics of Illicit Financial Flows from India: 1948-2008.
  2. GOI, 1956. Direct Tax Reform: Report of a Survey. (Chairperson: Kaldor).
  3. GOI, 1971. Direct Taxes Enquiry Report. (Chairperson: Wanchoo).
  4. Kumar, A. 1994. Proposals for a Citizens Union Budget for the Nation for 1994‑95. An Alternative to the Fund‑Bank Dictated Union Budget for 1994‑95. Presented to the Citizens' Committee on February 12, 1994 at Gandhi Peace Foundation, New Delhi. Prepared for the Preparatory Committee for Alternative Economic Policies.
  5. ------------. 1999. The Black Economy in India. N Delhi: Penguin (India).
  6. ------------. 2005. India’s Black Economy: The Macroeconomic Implications. South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies. Vol. 28, No.2. August 2005. Pp 249-263.
  7. ------------. 2007. Macro Overview. Chapter in the Alternative Economic Survey Group (Ed.). Alternative Economic Survey, India 2006-07: Pampering Corporates, Pauperizing Masses. Pp. 37 – 46. N Delhi: Daanish Books.
  8. ------------. 2012. Measuring Illegal flows from the Indian Economy: Some Methodological Issues. Economic & Political Weekly. Vol. XLVII No. 39. September 29. Pp. 71-74.
  9. ------------. 2013. Indian Economy since Independence: Persisting Colonial Disruption. N Delhi: Vision Books.
  10. NIPFP.1985. Aspects of Black Economy in India. New Delhi: National Institute of Public Finance and Policy.
  11. RBI. 1993. Report on Securities Transactions. Final. (Chairman: Janakiraman).
  12. Sarma A., A. Vasudevan, K. Kanagasabapathy, M. Naryan and M. Roy. 1992. Gold Mobilisation as an Instrument of External Adjustment: A Discussion Paper. Development Research Group. Department of Economic Analysis and Policy, Reserve Bank of India. Mumbai.
  13. Rishi, M and J K Boyce (1990): “The Hidden Balance of Payments: Capital Flight and Trade Misinvoicing in India, 1971-1986”, Economic & Political Weekly, Vol. 25, No. 30, 28 July. Pp 1645-48.

Patronage of Ketan Desai Despite His Corrupt Activities

28 Feb 2014 21:16

Patronage of Ketan Desai despite his corrupt activities 
Gulam Nabi Azad, Narendra Modi, Mulayam Singh Yadav



  • This is yet another eye opening disclosure further revealing the susceptibility of both the Congress and BJP and the Samajwadi Party to powerful persons and money power. In another similar application of collective clout as in the case of Mukesh Ambani, both the Congress and Modi’s BJP together in a thoroughly despicable manner have, despite the ongoing criminal cases pending against Ketan Desai, restored his clout in the Medical Council of India (MCI).


  • In April 2010, the notorious president of MCI Ketan Desai was arrested[1] by CBI from the Office of Medical Council of India on the charges taking a bribe of Rs. 2 crores form the management of Pvt. Medical College i.e. Gyan Sagar Medical College, Patiala. It was not the first time that Desai was facing the music for his corrupt activities. Earlier also in 2001, the Delhi High Court vide its judgment dated 23.11.2001 has removed him from the presidentship of MCI on charges of misuse of the office of the president and accepting a huge sum of 65 lakhs for himself and his minor children[2]. (High Court order is annexed as Annexure A)


  • After the arrest of Ketan Desai in April 2010, MCI was dissolved by the Government and the Board of Governors managed the affairs of MCI for three and half years. However the MCI was again restored in early November 2013 by the Government ignoring its earlier commitment in Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha to establish an overarching body i.e. NCHRH. (NATIONAL COMMISSION FOR HUMAN RESOURCES FOR HEALTH). The Ministry of Health using the old MCI election rules of 1980 reconstituted the Council and notified 85 doctors as MCI members. 25 of these were those who were Desai’s close associates in MCI itself in the past. In October 2013, the Gujarat University, at the behest of Modi’s Government, nominated Dr Desai as a member of the MCI despite two cases pending against him the court of law. He is not as yet a member of the MCI for want of the notification by the Government of India. Recently, Shri Keshav Desiraju,  Joint Secretary, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare was unfairly and arbitrarily transferred by Ghulam Nabi Azad, Minister of Health and Family Welfare of the Congress led UPA Govt, for the simple reason that he resisted the Congress & BJP facilitated return of Desai to the helm of the MCI. In his note, Shri Desiraju, stated “It is widely believed that all decisions within the Medical Council of India are being taken by the group led by Dr. Ketan Desai… There is every likelihood that we will be forced to approve and notify decisions regarding courses, new admissions etc. which have been made on the grounds of other than merit alone. This would be a very unfortunate position for the Government.” The Internal note written by Shri Keshav Desiraju dated 07.01.2014 is attached herewith as Annexure B. In fact this recent transfer of Shri Desiraju evoked strong protest in bureaucracy and media. It has forced eminent citizens, including historian and writer Ramchandra Guha, former Governor of West Bengal Gopalkrishna Gandhi, Kiran Mazumdar of Biocon, to write to the Prime Minister expressing concern over the abrupt transfer of Shri Desiraju. The contrast is very visible – The honest and upright (Mr. Keshav Desiraju) has been removed because of his sincere efforts and the corrupt (Ketan Desai) is being reinstated and rewarded.


  • In the recent executive committee meeting of the MCI held on 18.02.2014, there seems to be a deliberate effort by the MCI under the influence of Ketan Desai’s group of MCI members to try and keep the Medical Bodies/ Professional Association of Doctors expressly out of the ambit of the  Code of Medical Ethics Regulation. Clause 6.8 of the Code of Medical Ethics Regulation 2002 clearly states that it pertains to "code of conduct for doctors and professional association of doctors in their relationship with pharmaceutical and allied health sector industry". However, the executive committee of the new MCI in its meeting on February 18 decided that the term "association of doctors" be deleted from the clause.[3] The changes that have been attempted to be made by the MCI are part of agenda 15 & 56 of the minutes of the meeting dated 18.02.2014.


  • The Unfortunate incident of 2001 of earthquake in Bhuj has been exploited to the hilt. A modern multi-speciality government hospital was constructed at the site and in place of the old district hospital of Bhuj which was totally destroyed during the 2001 Earthquake. This entire hospital (The G.K. General Hospital) and related facilities were constructed by the Central Government from the Prime Minister’s relief fund. The land measuring 27 acres and all assets of G.K. General Hospital possessed by Modi’s Govt. of Gujarat were transferred to Gujarat Adani Institute of Medical Sciences (GAIMS) under PPP by way of a 99 year lease by the approval of the Gujarat Govt. Cabinet on 28.05.2009. The whole Govt. Hospital has been handed over by the Modi Government to the Adani Group as their own private medical college in the guise of a Public – Private Partnership. The relevant portion of the MCI Inspection report is attached herewith as Annexure C. This Decision of the Gujarat Government was challenged in the Gujarat HC and the Adani Group has since been forced to provide free and subsidised services to people as per the Judgment of the Gujarat High Court.


  • All important Institutions in Modi’s Gujarat Government, The State Medical Council and the Gujarat University are all at the service of Ketan Desai:
  1. Modi’s government which had initially suspended him in April 2010 from the state service, in wake of his arrest by CBI, has reinstated him in the service of Government Medical College at Ahmadabad.[4] He has been made the Head of the Department of Urology in spite of the charge sheeted by CBI and ongoing cases in the CBI court.


  1. Gujarat Medical Council under Modi’s Government did not obey the MCI’s direction to suspend his license to practice medicine in India. The directions for suspension were issued by the Board of Governors in October, 2010.[5](Copy of the order is annexed Annexure D)


  1. The Gujarat University has incidentally found only Dr. Desai as most appropriate person to represent the university in MCI after his unanimous election by the University Senate which was done in an unusual Sunday meeting that lasted barely ten minutes![6]


  • It is not only Mr. Narendra Modi and Shri Gulam Nabi Azad, Mr. Mulyam Singh Yadav is also not lagging behind. He has also taken up Desai’s case. On 09.12.2013, he had written a letter to Honorable Prime Minister advocating the immediate notification of Dr. Desai in MCI. According to Mr Yadav, the Income Tax department has not found any disproportionate assets/income against Desai and all the cases, barring two CBI cases against Desai, have been recommended for closure. Mr. Mulayam Singh Yadav had requested on 09.12.2013 to the Honorable Prime Minister to notify him so that he may participate in the general body meeting of MCI on the very next date on 10.12.2013. A copy of the letter sent by Mr Yadav dated 09.12.2013 is attached herewith as Annexure E.


  • This clearly and unequivocally shows that vested interests from many political parties including the Congress, Modi’s BJP and Samajwadi Party have joined hands in Desai’s endeavor to enter MCI yet again. Such is the strength of this medical mafia, the ideological differences have been set aside by these political parties and everyone has come together in support of this known corrupt person which is part of their one common Principle – Corruption and Patronage to the Corrupt. They have thus displayed their complete contempt for medical education in India and thus jeopardising the entire healthcare system in India.


Annexures to be uploaded soon
Related Sections: 

Jeet Ki Goonj (Rock The Ballot)

20 Nov 2013 04:41

(Scroll Down for the full press release)



Full Press Release


Aam Aadmi Party invites the Aam Aadmi – every citizen of Delhi - to come out and make their presence count in the democratic revolution.

On November 23 (tomorrow), AAP is organizing biggest gathering of its friends and supporters. People from across India would be joining us to support AAP’s goal of clean and honest political alternative. The entry for the event starts at 2pm

Several singers from Mumbai and other parts of the country are also going to join us that day to support AAP in its efforts of cleaning the system. Some of them who would be part of the programme that day are Vishal Dadlani, Ranvir Shorey, Meiyang Chang, Shilpa Rao, Rabbi Shergill, Jasbir Jassi, Aditi Singh Sharma, Swanand Kirkire, Shruti Pathak, Mohan & Koco among others.

All these people have repeatedly voiced support for AAP and wanted to be part of this history. These creative and talented people will appeal to Delhi to vote for the ‘imaandaar party – the Aam Aadmi Party’ in their own distinct styles to ‘Vote for Change’.

They will encourage and appeal every citizen of Delhi come out and vote. They will appeal to Delhi to lead the nation in the democratic revolution which is required to cleanse the corrupt political system.

The party invites people from all walks of life in Delhi to reach Jantar Mantar and become part of the historic change that Delhi is witnessing.

It would be a fitting stage for AAP leaders to directly talk to people. People can not only interact with AAP’s leaders during the gathering, they can also learn more about AAP’s plans.

We request youth of the city, who has been the main pillar of our strength, come out in large numbers and see their dreams turning into reality live. Youth of India is the future of the country and they are ready to rock the ballot too this time – “Is baar sirf vote nahin denge, is baar jhadu chalayenge”.

Saturday, 23 November 2013 - 4:00pm to 10:00pm
Jantar Mantar
Jantar Mantar
110001 New Delhi, DL
See map: Google Maps
Related Sections: 

Hangout with Yogendra Yadav

9 Nov 2013 16:18

You can also watch the event directly on Youtube
Related Sections: 

Final Candidate for Kirari and Tughlakabad Declared

4 Sep 2013 03:04

किराड़ी और तुगलकाबाद के प्रत्याशियों के नाम घोषित 

तीन अन्य सीटों के लिए संभावित उम्मीदवारों की शॉर्टलिस्ट जारी

Note: Scroll down for English Translation

Detailed Candidate List 

आम आदमी पार्टी दक्षिण पश्चिम दिल्ली की किराड़ी विधानसभा सीट और दक्षिण दिल्ली की तुगलकाबाद सीट के लिए पार्टी के प्रत्याशियों की पांचवी लिस्ट जारी कर रही है. पार्टी ने किराड़ी सीट से एक पत्रकार राजन प्रकाश को प्रत्याशी बनाने का निर्णय किया है. राजन प्रकाश छात्र जीवन से ही रक्तदान और अंगदान को बढ़ावा देने वाले कार्यक्रमों में एक वॉलेंटियर की तरह अपना यथासंभव योगदान देते रहे हैं. पढ़ाई के दौरान मित्रों के साथ मिलकर बनारस हिंदू युनिवर्सिटी के अस्पताल में भर्ती बेसहारा मरीजों के लिए श्रमदान करते थे. करीब एक दशक तक बतौर पत्रकार टीवी मीडिया, प्रिंट और रेडियो के लिए कार्य किया. डीडी न्यूज, द संडे इंडियन न्यूज वीकली और भोजपुरी चैनल हमार टीवी को अपनी सेवाएं देने के साथ-साथ राजन प्रकाश ने सामाजिक विषयों पर करीब दर्जनभर डॉक्युमेंट्री फिल्में और कई रेडियो धारावाहिकों के लिए पटकथा-संवाद लेखन का कार्य किया है. जनलोकपाल आंदोलन को एक पत्रकार के तौर पर कवर करने के दौरान उनका आंदोलन से गहरा लगाव हो गया और फिर पूर्णकालिक रूप से आंदोलन में शामिल हो गए. उन्होंने जनलोकपाल आंदोलन और फिर पार्टी की मीडिया टीम के सदस्य के तौर पर कार्य किया है और पार्टी के संगठन निर्माण में भी जिम्मेदारीपूर्ण भूमिकाएं निभाई हैं.

तुगलकाबाद सीट से मनोज राय पार्टी के प्रत्याशी होंगे. मनोज राय सामाजिक कार्यों में युवावस्था से ही सक्रिय रहे हैं. युवावस्था से ही मनोज लोगों की परेशानियों के लिए आवाज उठाते रहे हैं. सामाजिक कार्यों में मनोज राय की सक्रियता और जनहित के लिए संघर्ष के जज्बे को सम्मान देते हुए लोगों ने 22 साल की उम्र में ही आरडब्लयूए का उपाध्यक्ष चुना था. क्षेत्र के लोगों की परेशानियों को एमसीडी दफ्तर और जल बोर्ड जैसे सरकारी महकमों में लगातार उठाते रहते हैं. गरीब तबके के बच्चों के लिए फ्री कंप्यूटर शिक्षा का भी प्रबंध कराते हैं. मनोज राय जनलोकपाल आंदोलन से शुरू से जुड़े रहे हैं और पार्टी के गठन के बाद संगठन निर्माण में सक्रिय भूमिका निभाई है.

आम आदमी पार्टी ओखला, बदरपुर और त्रिनगर विधानसभा सीट के लिए संभावित प्रत्याशियों की सूची भी जारी कर रही है. इस शॉर्टलिस्ट में छात्र आंदोलनों से निकले लोगों, वकीलों, सोशल वर्कर्स, प्रोफेशनल्स और आरटीआई एक्टिविस्ट को जगह मिली है.

पार्टी अब तक कुल 42 सीटों के लिए प्रत्याशियों के नाम की घोषणा कर चुकी है और 5 सीटों के लिए शॉर्टलिस्ट जारी की जा चुकी है. कार्यकर्ताओं की राय लेने के बाद इन सीटों के लिए प्रत्याशियों के नाम पर भी फैसला कुछ दिनों में कर लिया जाएगा.


Aam Aadmi Party is releasing its fifth list of party candidates for Kiradi Assembly seat in South West Delhi and Tughlakabad seat in South Delhi. Party has decided to field news reporter Mr. Rajan Prakash from Kiradi seat. Since his student days, Raajan Prakash has been volunteering in activities to promote blood donation and organ donation. While studying at Banaras Hindu University, his friends and he used to offer free labour to helpless patients admitted to the university hospital. He has worked as a news reporter for television media, print, and radio for approximately a decade. Along side his work for DD news, The Sunday Indian News, and Bhojpuri Channel, “Hamaar TV”, Rajan Prakash has written background script for more than a dozen television documentaries and radio programmes on social issues. While covering Janlokpal Andolan as a reporter, he started identifying with its philosophy and gradually got fully involved with the movement. He has worked with Janlokpal Andolan and then as a member of the party’s media team. He has played a pivotal role in organisational activities of the party.

Party candidate from Tughlakabad seat Manoj Rai has been actively involved in social work since his early youth. From his early days, Manoj has been raising his voice against problems faced by common people. Seeing his active involvement in social activities and his passion to fight for common good, he was elected as vice president of RWA at a relatively young age of 22. He regularly raises the problems faced by the people of his area with MCD and Water Board. He also organises free computer education for children from underprivileged background. Manoj Rai has been associated with Janlokpal Andolan since its inception and has played a crucial role in organisation of the party after it was launched last year.

Aam Aadmi Party is also releasing its list of potential candidates for Okhla, Badarput, and Trinagar assembly seats. In this short list, there are people who have come out of student movements, lawyers, social workers, professionals and RTI activists.

Party has already announced its candidates for 42 seats released a short list of candidates for further 5. After consulting its volunteers, a decision on the candidates for these seats will also be announced in a few days.

(For Detailed Candidate list Click Here)

Related Sections: 

Human Development Report-2013 exposes Shiela Government

31 Aug 2013 21:24

'मानव विकास रिपोर्ट-2013' ने खोली शीला सरकार की पोल (Scroll down for the English Translation)

आम आदमी का नहीं बल्कि सिर्फ नेताओं और बिजली-पानी कंपनियों के मालिकों का विकास हुआ है दिल्ली में. 
दिल्ली सरकार द्वारा आज जारी 'मानव विकास रिपोर्ट-2013' ने शीला सरकार के विकास के दावों की कलई खोल दी है. सरकार की अपनी रिपोर्ट कहती है कि आधी से ज्यादा दिल्ली में जीवन नरक बना हुआ है. रिपोर्ट के अनुसार महिलाओं, बच्चों और बुजुर्गों की सुरक्षा के मामलों में तो दिल्ली की तस्वीर काफी हद तक डरावनी है. 
रिपोर्ट में बताया गया है कि सरकार की सेवाओं का लाभ दिल्ली में सभी को समान रूप से नहीं मिल रहा है. रिपोर्ट में आरोप लगाया गया है कि दिल्ली सरकार इंसान का सम्मान बरकरार रखने तक में नाकामयाब रही है. सरकार के विकास के तमाम दावों के बावजूद यह रिपोर्ट बताती है कि दिल्ली के गरीब इलाकों में 56 प्रतिशत  बच्चें आज भी खुले में शौचालय जाने पर मजबूर हैं. इसी दिल्ली में 50 हजार लोग बेघर भी हैं. रिपोर्ट के अनुसार दिल्ली के 85 प्रतिशत मजदूर बेहद खराब परिस्थितियों और कम मजदूरी पर काम करने पर मजबूर हैं. 
अस्पतालों की स्थिति बयान करते हुए मानव विकास रिपोर्ट में कहा गया है कि यहां प्रति 10,000 लोगों पर कुल 4  डॉक्टर उपलब्ध हैं. देश की राजधानी दिल्ली में लोगों को औसत 7.5 साल की ही स्कूली शिक्षा उपलब्ध हो सकी है. जिन सड़कों के नाम पर मुख्यमंत्री शीला दीक्षित बडे बडे दावे कर रहीं हैं, उनकी भी हकीकत रिपोर्ट में खुलकर सामने आ गई है. दिल्ली के केवल दो तिहाई लोग सड़कों की हालत से नाखुश हैं. यानि चन्द चमकती मुख्य सड़कों को छोड़ दिया जाए तो दिल्ली में सड़कों भी बुरा हाल है. 
मानव विकास रिपोर्ट की यह तस्वीर देखकर सवाल उठता है कि मुख्यमंत्री शीला दीक्षित किस मुंह से विकास का नारा देती हैं. जब वे पिछले 15 साल में आधी दिल्ली को पानी, स्कूल, शौचालय जैसी सुविधाएं तक नहीं दे पाईं तो भला दिल्ली की जनता उन पर अगले 5 साल के लिए कैसे भरोसा कर ले. ऐसा लगता है कि दिल्ली में विकास के नाम पर खर्च तो अरबों-खरबों रुपए हुए लेकिन विकास आम आदमी का नहीं सिर्फ नेताओं का हुआ है और बिजली-पानी कंपनियों के मालिकों का हुआ है.

In Delhi, it is only politicians and owners of electricity and water companies, not the common man, who have seen any development. Human Development Report released by Delhi Government has laid bare Sheila government’s development claims. Government’s own report says that life is hell in more than half of Delhi. According to the report, the state of women, children and elderly security is very scary in Delhi.

Report says that benefits of government services are not reaching all sections of society equally. Report accuses that Delhi Government has even been unable to preserve human dignity. Despite all the development claims made by the government, report tells that 56% children in impoverished parts of Delhi are forced to go to toilets in the open. In the same Delhi, there are 50,000 homeless people. According to the report, 85% of Delhi’s labourers are forced to work for very low wages under terrible conditions.

Describing the state of hospitals, the Human Development Report says here there are 4 doctors for every 10,000 people. In the national capital Delhi, on an average only 7.5 years of school education is available to people. The reality of those roads, about which Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit is making big claims, has also been exposed in this report. Two thirds of people in Delhi are unhappy with the state of roads. This means that leaving some well maintained prominent roads, even the condition of roads is also pathetic in Delhi.

Seeing this Human Development Report, one wonders how can then Chief Minister Sheila Dikshit boast about development in Delhi.  When in last 15 years, she has not been able to provide basic amenities like water, school, toilet etc to half of Delhi, then how can people of Delhi trust her for another 5 years. It would appear that billions spent in Delhi in the name of development have only led to development of politicians and owners of water and electricity companies.

From Satyagraha to Swaraj

30 Aug 2013 07:13

You have watched the film Satyagraha, but the real work still needs to be done.

Does this film remind you of anything? The revolution of August 2011 when you went to the Ramlila Maidan with your children? The whole nation had come out on the streets.  You were demanding that the government should make a strong law against corruption- the Janlokpal Bill. 

Now two years have passed.  The government has not agreed.  No political party is ready for it.  Because the leaders of all existing political parties have indulged in corruption themselves.  Today if they passed the Janlokpal Bill, then half of their leaders would go to jail.

We have to change the politics Arjun, not from outside but by joining it from inside.

It is now time to enter politics.  We will have to go inside and change the system ourselves. That is why we have come together to form the Aam Aadmi Party. 

The Delhi Vidhan Sabha elections are coming up in November. Aam Admi party is fielding their  candidates in all 70 assembly seats.  Within 15 days of coming to power, the first thing we will do is to  pass the same Janlokpal Bill that you came out on the streets for, in August 2011.  All corrupt politicians will be sent to jail within 6 months.  First we will clean Delhi of corruption, and then we will free the rest of the country from corruption.

Now you have to take one pledge. Till the Delhi Vidhan sabha elections you will prepare 5 new people everyday, who are ready to vote for the Aam Aadmi Party and press on the ‘Jhadu’ button.

This fight is for all of us. I am fully confident that together we will win this battle.


Arvind Kejriwal        

Related Sections: 

Muslims under the fold of AAP

29 Aug 2013 14:27

Need to Uplift Muslim community educationally by giving equal opportunity — Arvind Kejriwal

As Aam Aadmi Party moves closer to victory in Delhi Assembly elections, people from all communities are reposing their faith in the vision of AAP by joining the party officially. Today, several well known Muslim scholars and social activists including office bearers of AMU and Jamila Milia Islamia University, Alumini and student leaders of these universities, joined AAP. Irfanullan Khan and Firoz Bhakt Ahmed were the prominent faces who joined the party in a public meeting held at Constitutional Club.

Irfanullah Khan, Chairman of Jamia Nagar Coordination Committee, is a social activist who has lent his voice for the development of minorities. Ex AMU President, Irfanullah Khan was earlier the National Secretary and Spokesperson of Janta Dal. Another prominent person who joined AAP today is Firoz Bakht Ahmed who is also the grandnephew of Maulana Azad. He is well known for his heritage activism and has raised issues of Muslim Community, especially the youth. Other eminent Muslim leaders who had joined AAP were Mashkur Ahmed (ex Jamia Millia Student President, Arif Jamal, Shakil Malik, Shahid Azad and Rais Ahmed. Along with them, more than 100 alumini of AMU and Jamia Millia University joined the Party.

Speaking at the event, AAP leader Arvind Kejriwal clearly stated that he had never believed in the policy of appeasement of Muslims but giving equal opportunities to all communities. He also emphasised on the need for upliftment of the community by imparting quality education. He said, for this when AAP comes to power would focus on government schools whose facilities would be better than the best of public schools.

Yogendra Yadav clearly stated that Congress party has been cajoling Muslims due to which the community has been distancing themselves from it slowly and surely. While speaking for the Muslim community, he categorically mentioned that that they have been a deprived section like the Dalits but have been left to fend for themselves.

Firoz Bakht Ahmed stated that the reason for joining AAP was that except this party, all the other parties were playing communal card appeasing either one or the other community while AAP's card clearly is — India card, seething need of the hour. Bakht also said, “It can be seen that the so called Muslim leaders, clerics and even petty politicians are becoming richer and richer day by say while the people they represent, are languishing in their ghettos and their institutions like the Urdu medium schools and madrasas have been neglected by the Congress to become no more than obscure dungeons.”

Irfanullah Khan lauded the efforts of AAP and appealed the Muslim masses all over Delhi and the country to strengthen Aam Aadmi Party by joining the Party in large numbers and ensuring its victory.

In a separate development, Ram Sevak Upadhyay who was the President of Karawal Nagar Assembly Unit of Samajwadi Party (SP) has also joined AAP today. Upadhyay met Arvind Kejriwal today and joined the party officially.  He has earlier contested 2012 MCD elections from West Karawal Nagar ward and secured 5329 votes.

Seventh Shortlist of Aam Aadmi Party Candidates Declared

29 Aug 2013 00:56

आम आदमी पार्टी के संभावित उम्मीदवारों की सातवीं शॉर्टलिस्ट जारी

(Detailed Delhi Election Candidate List Can be Seen HERE)

आम आदमी पार्टी दिल्ली विधानसभा चुनावों के लिए उत्तर पश्चिम दिल्ली की रोहिणी सीट और दक्षिण दिल्ली की देवली(सु.) सीट के लिए संभावित प्रत्याशियों की सूची जारी कर रही है. पार्टी द्वारा जारी की जा रही इस सातवीं शॉर्टलिस्ट में छात्र आंदोलनों से जुड़े लोग, इंजीनियर और सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता शामिल हैं.

रोहिणी से भाजपा, कांग्रेस, शिवसेना और कई अन्य पार्टियों के लोगों ने आम आदमी पार्टी से चुनाव लड़ने की इच्छा जताई थी और आवेदन किया था. पांच लोगों के नाम संभावितों की सूची में कांग्रेस और भाजपा से लंबे समय तक जुड़े रहे लोगों को भी जगह मिली है.

पार्टी की राजनीतिक मामलों की समिति ने सीमापुरी(सु.) से आधिकारिक प्रत्याशी संतोष कोली की मृत्यु की बाद वहां से धर्मेंद्र सिंह कोली को चुनाव लड़ाने का निर्णय किया है. धर्मेंद दिवंगत संतोष के छोटे भाई हैं और परिवर्तन आंदोलन में लंबे समय से वॉलेंटियर करते आए हैं.

अरविंद केजरीवाल ने सुंदर नगरी से जब परिवर्तन आंदोलन की शुरुआत करके जनहित के मुद्दों को उठाना शुरू किया, तो धर्मेंद भी अपनी बड़ी बहन संतोष के साथ इसमें शामिल हो गए. आर्थिक रूप से कमजोर वर्ग के छात्रों को प्राइवेट स्कूलों में दाखिला दिलाने की सरकारी योजना को लागू कराने के लिए धर्मेंद्र सिंह कोली ने सराहनीय कार्य किया है. सीमापुरी की जनता के लिए स्व.संतोष कोली ने जो संघर्ष शुरू किया था, वह उनके निधन से पूरा नहीं हो पाया है. उस मिशन को आगे बढ़ाने की जिम्मेदारी आम आदमी पार्टी ने धर्मेंद सिंह कोली को सौंपी है.       

आम आदमी पार्टी जनता से अनुरोध करती है कि अगले सात दिनों में इस शॉर्टलिस्ट में शामिल लोगों के नामों पर अपनी राय देकर पार्टी को योग्य प्रत्याशी के चयन में सहयोग करे. पार्टी की वेबसाइट पर अपना कमेंट लिखकर या सीधे पार्टी मुख्यालय को पत्र लिखकर अपनी राय व्यक्त की जा सकती है.

पार्टी अब तक दिल्ली विधानसभा की 70 सीटों में से 42 सीटों पर उम्मीदवारों के नामों की घोषणा कर चुकी है. कुछ अन्य सीटों के लिए कुछ समय पहले शॉर्टलिस्ट जारी हुई थी जिस पर कार्यकर्ताओं की राय जानने के बाद प्रत्याशियों के नामों की घोषणा जल्द की जाएगी.

(Detailed Delhi Election Candidate List Can be Seen HERE)

Seventh Shortlist of Aam Aadmi Party Candidates Declared

29 Aug 2013 00:55

आम आदमी पार्टी के संभावित उम्मीदवारों की सातवीं शॉर्टलिस्ट जारी

(Detailed Delhi Election Candidate List Can be Seen HERE)

आम आदमी पार्टी दिल्ली विधानसभा चुनावों के लिए उत्तर पश्चिम दिल्ली की रोहिणी सीट और दक्षिण दिल्ली की देवली(सु.) सीट के लिए संभावित प्रत्याशियों की सूची जारी कर रही है. पार्टी द्वारा जारी की जा रही इस सातवीं शॉर्टलिस्ट में छात्र आंदोलनों से जुड़े लोग, इंजीनियर और सामाजिक कार्यकर्ता शामिल हैं.

रोहिणी से भाजपा, कांग्रेस, शिवसेना और कई अन्य पार्टियों के लोगों ने आम आदमी पार्टी से चुनाव लड़ने की इच्छा जताई थी और आवेदन किया था. पांच लोगों के नाम संभावितों की सूची में कांग्रेस और भाजपा से लंबे समय तक जुड़े रहे लोगों को भी जगह मिली है.

पार्टी की राजनीतिक मामलों की समिति ने सीमापुरी(सु.) से आधिकारिक प्रत्याशी संतोष कोली की मृत्यु की बाद वहां से धर्मेंद्र सिंह कोली को चुनाव लड़ाने का निर्णय किया है. धर्मेंद दिवंगत संतोष के छोटे भाई हैं और परिवर्तन आंदोलन में लंबे समय से वॉलेंटियर करते आए हैं.

अरविंद केजरीवाल ने सुंदर नगरी से जब परिवर्तन आंदोलन की शुरुआत

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